Lets Talk Substrates for the Marine Aquarium

  1. STP wellsophyllia

    STP wellsophyllia Well-Known Member

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    And just to cover "sand storms".... Sand storms are completely avoidable. Once you have your aquascape set up you can play with your powerheads and return heads to get the flow to not kick up any sand. I have two ecotech MP40's on my 90 gallon and with the setting and placement i havethem on right now they ramp up to 85% power without picking up a grain of sand. I get high flow even in the deepest darkest places in the tank which just proves with some time and patience you should be able to perfect your flow :)

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  2. elimav

    elimav Well-Known Member

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    I already have a seascape 2 clowns an anemone and shrimp. Right now I have a BB tank. Can I add sand or do I have to take everything out first?
     
  3. skinz78

    skinz78 Moderator Staff Member Team R2R R2R Supporter R2R Excellence Award Partner Member

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    You can add sand, your tank will be cloudy for a day or so but It'll clear up.
     
  4. STP wellsophyllia

    STP wellsophyllia Well-Known Member

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    If you have a canister filter and a protien skimmer running that will speed up the proscess.. Just remember that you should clean them more often for a week or so so it dosnt become plugged up. How much sand are you planning to add?

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  5. elimav

    elimav Well-Known Member

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    I'm thinking of adding about 2 inches
     
  6. STP wellsophyllia

    STP wellsophyllia Well-Known Member

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    Are you doing live sand or just substrate and what particle size are you looking at?

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  7. elimav

    elimav Well-Known Member

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    I used coarse live sand. It worked well. The water cleared after a couple of hours.
     
  8. STP wellsophyllia

    STP wellsophyllia Well-Known Member

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    Very good. I would suggest adding one or two more inches. This is just my opinion. I had a live sand bed for about a year (shallow 2") and i always had problems with ph and alkalinity problems but now that i have my 4 1/2" i could go hands off of my tank for several weeks without having a parameter fluctuate. (i also love knowing that the tiny worms help boost my ecosystem's immune system) :)

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  9. Eckolancer

    Eckolancer LED GURU

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    Went bare bottom and love it. Used to run DSB for about 15 years no idea why I didnt try BB in the past.


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  10. Eckolancer

    Eckolancer LED GURU

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    Oh BTW i have my sand sifting star with 2 big red brittles and 1 huge pink brittle starfish. These stars are all doing great and have been with me for about 5+ years now. On top of that during my switch from DSB tank to BB I transferred some nassarius snails that all are doing fine as well. I did get rid of my wrasse as I wasnt sure he would like BB as he slept in the sand at night.


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  11. elimav

    elimav Well-Known Member

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    I like the idea of a deep substrate but I don't want to bury the bottom of my seascape. My anemone has decided to imbed at the bottom of the structure and there are lots of crevices down there for my shrimp and fish to hide in.
     
  12. STP wellsophyllia

    STP wellsophyllia Well-Known Member

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    I hear what you are saying, just remember that all of your livestock knows where it likes to be whether there is sand there or not. Especially shrimp. They will move it right out of the way. If you have any wrasses or gobies they will be more than happy to move that sand too..
     
  13. Paul B

    Paul B Well-Known Member R2R Supporter Article Contributor

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    What, no talk of Under Gravel filters? :violin:
     
  14. beaslbob

    beaslbob Well-Known Member

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    What did you expect Paul? Tanks that last for 40 years? :hail:

    BTW what brands do you use for your beer bottle and glass jar substrate?


    :bigsmile:
     
  15. Paul B

    Paul B Well-Known Member R2R Supporter Article Contributor

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    I don't know what you are talking about, and neither does he.

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    Last edited: Jun 12, 2013
  16. yazeed

    yazeed Well-Known Member

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    Which is better sand or crashed coral for fish only system?!!
     
  17. Jay6363

    Jay6363 Well-Known Member

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    Is it possible for a sand bed about three inches and about 3 yrs old to be leaching phosphates back into the system?

    I have aragonite in my 60 gallon
     
  18. donkey88

    donkey88 Member

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    the picture of the sand above has a section of tunnels and caves brown in color if this is stirred up it will release toxins, if so what happens when this brown section reaches the top of the sand?
     
  19. donkey88

    donkey88 Member

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    sorry wrong thread
     
  20. bostonreefer78

    bostonreefer78 Member

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    Great article, I have used all the above mentioned methods during my years, I have lately or the last 7 years preferred a deep sand bed for its beneficial reduction in nitrates, you can see the small bubbles of nitrogen gas build up in the sand bed and see them release to the surface, this is a great way to understand how the DE nitrification process works.
     

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